Psychological capital dimensions and needs fulfillment as predictors of academic engagement among university undergraduate students


  • John K. Chikezie
  • Emmanuella U. Anozie
  • Fabian O. Ugwu


Psychological capital, self-efficacy, resilience, optimism, hope, needs fulfillment, academic engagement


Since the emergence of positive psychology, attention has shifted from negative aspects of behavior to human strengths and positive psychological qualities, particularly engagement, which has been reported to be the antipode of burnout. The current study investigated the predictive value of psychological capital and needs fulfillment on academic engagement among undergraduate university students in South-east Nigeria. A total of 206 undergraduate students at the Federal university participated in the study. Psychological capital-short form, Balanced Measure of Psychological Needs, and Academic Engagement Scale were used for data collection. The participants‟ ages ranged from 19 to 25 years (Mage = 22.21; SD = 2.72). Results of the regression analysis showed that self-efficacy, resilience, and optimism dimensions of psychological capital were significant predictors of academic engagement whereas the hope dimension did not predict academic engagement. The results also indicated that needs fulfillment was not a significant predictor of academic engagement. The findings of the study imply that psychological capital is important in determining how engaged students are in their academics and therefore should be promoted in the academic life of every student.