NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOURAL STUDIES http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs <div class="book_editor"><strong>Editor: <strong style="color: blue;">Prof. Benjamin Oluwabunmi Omolayo</strong></strong></div> <div class="book_issn"><strong>Print ISSN: 2992-2798</strong></div> <div class="book_issn"><strong>Online ISSN: 2992-2801</strong></div> <div class="book_frg"><strong>Frequency: </strong>Once annually (December)</div> <p>Department of Psychology, Federal University Oye-Ekiti publishes the <strong>Nigerian Journal of Behavioural Studies (NJBS)</strong>. It is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal that publishes high-quality original research. The journal publishes research findings that span the spectrum of human behaviour in general; particularly, in issues relating human behaviour to internal and/or external circumstances. The journal offers a peer-reviewed platform where behavioural science researchers can publish on problems with understanding human behaviour across disciplines. This publication focuses on the practical integration of theory, research, and experience with academic understanding; for the best possible comprehension of human behaviour. The submitted manuscripts go through a rigorous double-blind peer review process in order to assure the high quality of the articles published in NJBS. Also, note that this journal only publishes paper written in English language.</p> en-US omosolape.owoseni@fuoye.edu.ng (Omosolape Olakitan Owoseni) njbs@fuoye.edu.ng (Helen Foluke Olagundoye ) Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.13 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Personal factors and health literacy as predictors of health decision-making styles among outpatients in a Nigerian tertiary health facility http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/2 <p>Experts have argued that individuals have habitual tendencies to approach various problems in consistently similar ways. They have identified a variety of methods for eliciting health decisions that indicate what patients' preferences are. However, these methods frequently provide little information about why and what led to patients' preferences. This study examined the prediction of personal factors (personality traits &amp; health locus of control) and health literacy on Health Decision Making Styles (HDMS) among outpatients.<br>Ex-post facto descriptive cross-sectional survey design was adopted. This involved purposively sampled 80 outpatients with mean age at 34.74±10.14. A 64-item self-report questionnaire comprising socio-demographics, personality traits (α=.54), health literacy (α=.48), health locus of control (α=.86) and health decision-making styles (α=.89) was administered. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson and hierarchical multiple regression analysis at 0.05 level of significance. In all, six hypotheses were tested.<br>After statistically controlling for gender, age and educational level, the results revealed that personal factors and health literacy significantly jointly predicted HDMS while chance health locus of control was found to be an independent predictor of HDMS. Furthermore, components of HDMS were jointly predicted by personal factors and health literacy. Specifically, along the line of the independent prediction, rational style was significantly predicted by internal health locus of control. Chance health locus of control significantly predicted Intuitive style; Conscientiousness and Powerful Others health locus of control significantly predicted Dependent and Spontaneous styles respectively; while Conscientiousness, Health literacy and Chance health locus of control significantly predicted Avoidant HDMS among Outpatients.<br>Finally, personal factors and health literacy were found to be strong joint predictors of HDMS and its components. As a result, understanding how personality influences HDMS can assist clinicians better adapt treatment intervention to enhance patient-centered care while also revealing which personality qualities and levels of control over one's health are motivating elements in health decision-making.</p> Adeboye M. Fatunbi, Abel C. Obosi, Rachael B Asagba Copyright (c) 2023 NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOURAL STUDIES http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/2 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Psychological capital dimensions and needs fulfillment as predictors of academic engagement among university undergraduate students http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/5 <p>Since the emergence of positive psychology, attention has shifted from negative aspects of behavior to human strengths and positive psychological qualities, particularly engagement, which has been reported to be the antipode of burnout. The current study investigated the predictive value of psychological capital and needs fulfillment on academic engagement among undergraduate university students in South-east Nigeria. A total of 206 undergraduate students at the Federal university participated in the study. Psychological capital-short form, Balanced Measure of Psychological Needs, and Academic Engagement Scale were used for data collection. The participants‟ ages ranged from 19 to 25 years (Mage = 22.21; SD = 2.72). Results of the regression analysis showed that self-efficacy, resilience, and optimism dimensions of psychological capital were significant predictors of academic engagement whereas the hope dimension did not predict academic engagement. The results also indicated that needs fulfillment was not a significant predictor of academic engagement. The findings of the study imply that psychological capital is important in determining how engaged students are in their academics and therefore should be promoted in the academic life of every student.<br><br></p> John K. Chikezie, Emmanuella U. Anozie, Fabian O. Ugwu Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/5 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of self-esteem and susceptibility to peer pressure on psychological wellbeing of in-school adolescents http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/6 <p>Psychological wellbeing of adolescents is reportedly influenced by various psychosocial factors such as academic performances and other psychosocial factors. These factors have immense contribution to the variation in adolescents‟ general emotional disposition. The present study explores the influence of adolescents‟ self-esteem and susceptibility to peer pressure on psychological wellbeing among secondary school students in Ogbomosho North Local Government Area of Oyo State. An ex-post facto design using a cross-sectional method was utilized among 366 secondary school students. A multi-stage sampling technique was used. Data were collected using a structured and self-administered questionnaire which had four sections, focusing on sociodemographic characteristics, self-esteem (α=.52), susceptibility to peer pressure (α=.77) and psychological wellbeing (α=.51). Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation, t-test for independence and multiple regression analysis at .05 level of significance. Four hypotheses were tested. The results revealed significant negative relationship between self-esteem and psychological wellbeing (r=-.19, p&lt;.01) and positive relationship for peer pressure (r=.31, p&lt;.01). Multiple regression analysis revealed significant independent and joint prediction of self-esteem and peer pressure on psychological wellbeing [F (2,363)=21.08, R=.32, R2=.10, ΔR2=.10, p&lt;.01]. However, no significant gender difference was observed on psychological wellbeing, while age independently predicted psychological wellbeing. In conclusion, adolescents‟ self-esteem and susceptibility to peer pressure are critical psychosocial factors to their psychological wellbeing.<br><br></p> E. T. Omisola, S. K Mosaku, Adeboye. M. Fatunbi Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/6 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Organizational citizenship behaviour, empowering leadership, core self-evaluation and work contentment as predictors of job crafting among Nigerian academic staff http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/7 <p>Institutions of higher learning often try to develop creative and innovative ways to improve in an ever-growing challenging world of education particularly after the Covid-19 pandemic. This has led academic institutions to rely on their internal resources to stay productive and maintain high levels of performance. They try to maximize every resource they have to stay relevant and competitive, hence job crafting has become imperative. This study investigated the influence of organizational and individual factors (organizational citizenship behaviour, empowering leadership, work contentment and core self-evaluation) on job crafting among academic staff of the University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. An ex-post facto design was adopted. 102 purposively sampled academic staff with mean age of 51.43 ±9.05 served as sample for the study. A 102-item self-report questionnaire comprising socio-demographics, organizational citizenship behaviour, empowering leadership, core self-evaluation, work contentment and job crafting was administered. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson R, multiple regression and t-test of independence at 0.05 level of significance. Results revealed that organizational citizenship behaviour, work contentment, empowering leadership and core self-evaluation jointly predicted job crafting (F (4,97) = 6.67, R=.47, R2 = .22, p&lt;.01); task crafting (F(4,97)= 2.91, R = .33, R2=.11 p&lt;.05), cognitive crafting (F(4,97)= 3.78, R= .37, R2= .14, p&lt;.05) and relational crafting (F(4,97)= 4.67, R = .40, R2 = .16, p&lt;.05). Additionally, result revealed that male academic staff demonstrated higher job crafting than their female colleagues. Findings from this research demonstrated that the presence of these organizational and individual factors can foster job crafting amongst academic staff. Hence, it is imperative that organizations make conscious efforts to foster a work environment that can promote job crafting.<br><br></p> Mariam Hassan, Ismail, Adeboye Michael Fatunbi, Aderemi Ismail Alarape Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/7 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Moderating Role of Emotional Intelligence on the Relationship between Perceived Stress and Academic Adjustment among Undergraduates http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/9 <p>Little attention has been paid to reduction of the effect of stress on students’ academic adjustment. This study therefore, examined the moderating role of emotional intelligence on the relationship between perceived stress and academic adjustment among undergraduates in Ondo State, Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey design was adopted in this study. A total of 500 participants (184 males; 316 females) were sampled from three Universities in the three Senatorial district of Ondo State using multistage sampling techniques. Their ages ranged from 16 to 30 years (Mean = 21.77; SD = 2.77). They responded to academic adjustment scale (α = 0.62), perceived stress scale (α = 0.63) and emotional intelligence scale (α = 0.89). Four hypotheses were formulated and tested using hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Results indicated that perceived stress significantly negatively predicted undergraduate academic adjustment (β = -.29, t = -6.86, p &lt;0.01). Emotional intelligence significantly predicted undergraduates’ academic adjustment (β = .13, t = 3.02, p&lt;0.01). The joint prediction indicated that perceived stress and emotional intelligence jointly predicted academic adjustment (R= .35, R2= .12, F (7,492) = 9.72 p &lt;.05). It further showed that emotional intelligence significantly moderated the relationship between perceived stress and academic adjustment (β=-.82, t = -4.98, p &lt;0.01). Findings indicated that emotional intelligence is an important variable that can reduce the negative impact of perceived stress on academic adjustment among undergraduates. In line with this study, it was recommended that training on emotional intelligence should be part of the general courses in the university system.<br><br></p> Stella. A. Olowodunoye, Adedoyin Irewole Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/9 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effects of separate and combined chronic ingestion of promethazine and haloperidol on learning behaviour among female Wister albino rats http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/10 <p>Increase in the use of neuroleptic medications and reported discrepancies in their effects on cognitive and psychomotor function are a research concern. Haloperidol and promethazine are used commonly and are among the over-the-counter prescribed drugs in Nigeria. This study examined the effects of chronic administration of haloperidol and promethazine on spatial learning behavior and memory among female albino rats. A total of 24 female Albino rats weighing between 180 to 200g were randomly assigned into four groups of control containing 6 rats each. Promethazine, haloperidol and promethazine combined with haloperidol, were used for this study. The rats were exposed to chronic treatment of haloperidol and promethazine at doses of 1mg/kg and 1.1mg/kg bodyweight respectively for 28 days and run on the Y-Maze for spatial learning and memory on each day of the experiment. Promethazine did not significantly affect spatial learning behavior and memory of female Albino Rats F (1, 332) = .13, p &gt; 0.05, η2= .00 as well as haloperidol F (1, 332) = 53, p &gt; 0.05, η2= .00. Combined treatment of haloperidol and promethazine significantly affected spatial learning behavior and memory among the female albino rats F (1, 332) = 4.58, p &lt; 0.05, η2= .02. Female albino rats in the control ( 148.24) had slower learning time compared to female rats ingested with a combination haloperidol and Promethazine ( 118.01). It is concluded that combined treatment of haloperidol and promethazine significantly affected learning behaviour but none with separate treatment. The dose of exposure of the haloperidol and promethazine should be studied further to establish the memory and learning deficit claims for the drugs.<br><br></p> Shyngle. K. Balogun, Jackson. I. Osuh, Iyanuoluwa Fayemiwo Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/10 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Relationship between job stress and depression among staff of selected banks in Kano metropolis http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/11 <p>Job stress has been established as a predictor of depression among employees. However, little research has been done in this regard among bank employees in Nigeria. This study therefore examines the relationship between job stress and depression among staff of selected banks in Kano metropolis. A sample of 120 employees (93 males and 27 females) drawn from selected banks within Kano metropolis participated in the cross-sectional survey. Two standardized instruments (job stress scale, short version, Tares &amp; Lowell, 1988 and the Beck’s Depression Inventory II) were used for data collection. The data were analysed with Multiple Regression statistics (SPSS-Version 21) to test two hypotheses. A significant negative relationship between job stress and depression (r = (120) = -.33, p &lt; .005) was found among employees in the selected banks. Also, job stress subscales made significant joint and independent contributions to depression (F (3,116) = 14.98, p&lt;0.05), confirming both hypotheses. It was concluded that job stress has the capacity to affect adversely the mental health of workers, and recommended, among others, that management of banks adopt effective use of occupational health policies to reduce job stress.<br><br></p> Moses Ichongo Ukeh Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/11 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of perceived social support and attitude towards teenage pregnancy on sexual risk behaviour of undergraduates of Federal University Oye-Ekiti http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/12 <p>Generally, youths of reproductive age in Nigeria continue to be vulnerable to HIV and AIDS infections and re-infections due to risky sexual behaviour, involving having sexual intercourse with multiple non-marital, non-cohabiting sexual partners and not practicing safe sex. The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of social support and attitude toward teenage pregnancy on sexual risk behaviour among undergraduates. This is towards providing evidence and direct solutions to the reduction of sexual risk behaviours amongst young people globally. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. A total of 302 undergraduates were conveniently sampled in the study. Participants were administered with the multidimensional perceived social support, attitude towards teenage pregnancy and sexual risk behaviour scales. The two hypotheses that guided the study were tested using an independent samples t-test which was all confirmed. The results of the tested hypotheses showed that perceived social support has significant influence on sexual risk behaviour t=-5.09; df =300; p&lt;.05. Similarly, attitude towards teenage pregnancy also has significant influence on sexual risk behaviour t=3.54; df =300; p&lt;.05. Based on findings, it was concluded that perceived social support has an influence on sexual risk behaviour; attitude towards teenage pregnancy has an influence towards sexual risk behaviour.<br><br></p> Oluwakemi Elizabeth Omole, Lois Ebunoluwa Enimola, Rukayat Yetunde Olaide, Jumoke Esther Akinlosotu Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/12 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Self-esteem, life orientation and life satisfaction as predictors of acceptance of intimate partner violence among women http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/13 <p>Intimate partner violence towards women has become an enormous social problem. Statistics show that the prevalence of intimate partner violence in Nigeria is more than 62.8% among women. This study, therefore, investigated self-esteem, life orientation and life satisfaction as predictors of acceptance of intimate partner violence among women in Oyo State, Nigeria. Ex-post facto design using survey method was adopted. A purposive sampling technique was used to select two Local Government Areas, while snowball sampling technique was used to select 238 participants. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire comprising demographic variables, self-esteem, life orientation, life satisfaction, and acceptance of intimate partner violence. Data were analyzed using zero-order correlation and multiple regressions analysis at p &lt; 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that self-esteem, life satisfaction and life orientation jointly predicted acceptance of intimate partner violence among the study population [R2 = 0.11, F (4, 234) = 8.842, p  0.05]. Also, Self-esteem (β=-0.199, p &lt;.05), life satisfaction (β=0.145, p &lt;.05), and life orientation (β=0.139, p &lt; 0.05) all independently predicted intimate partner violence among the study population. The study concluded that self-esteem, life satisfaction and life orientation significantly predicted acceptance towards intimate partner violence. The study recommended that parents, teachers and other significant others should intensify efforts to educate women on the negative effects of intimate partner violence.<br><br></p> Emmanuel E. Uye, Enyelunekpo R. Roberts, Ayomipe A. Temola, Peter O. Olapegba Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/13 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of marital status and perceived social support on the psychological wellbeing of mothers http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/14 <p>This study aimed at evaluating the impact of marital status and perceived social support on the psychological well-being of mothers. A total of 154 women participated in this factorial design with their ages ranging from 16years to 45years and above. Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and Ryff‟s Psychological Wellbeing Scale Short-Form were used for data collection. Three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance to find out whether marital status alone, perceived social support alone, or marital status and perceived social support together have significant effect on the psychological well-being of mothers. Results indicated that marital status had significant effect on the psychological wellbeing of mothers, means, 70.50, 52.57, 54.13, 57.50, F(3, 146) = 3.444, p = 0.018; with those that are singles having higher psychological wellbeing mean score. Furthermore, perceived social support had significant effect on the psychological wellbeing of participants, means, 66.36, 50.99, F(1, 146) = 11.023, p = 0.001; with those that had low perceived social support having higher psychological wellbeing mean score. However, significant interaction effect between marital status and perceived social support on the psychological wellbeing of mothers was not found, means, 86.00, 55.00, 59.09, 46.05, 55.00, 53.25, 66.33, 49.67, F(3, 146) = 1.084, p = 0.358. The study concluded that the psychological wellbeing of mothers is influenced by marital status as well as perceived social support.<br><br></p> Jonah Zumlong Damilep, Dauda Akwai Saleh, Ibrahim Arobo Dauda, Sarki Danat Pandang Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/14 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Examining psychosocial factors in substance abuse among undergraduates of Ekiti state universities http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/15 <p>A key problem around the globe is substance abuse and for years it has been influential in global mortality rates It has also contributed to the increased rate of anti-social activities among young people. This study investigated loneliness, parental bonding, age, level of study and gender in substance abuse among undergraduates of Ekiti State universities. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design, and three hundred and forty-six (346) undergraduates were accidentally sampled from three institutions in Ekiti State. The participants were administered with University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) loneliness scale, Parental bonding inventory, and Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST) together with demographic information. Four hypotheses were tested using independent t-test and multiple regressions. The result of the tested hypothesis showed that loneliness did not significantly influence substance abuse (t = 1.77; df = 344, p &gt;.05). Parental bonding did not significantly influence substance abuse (t = -.349; df = 344, p &gt;.05). Age and level of study jointly predicted substance abuse [F (2, 331) = 7.36; p&lt;.01]. Gender did not significantly influence substance abuse (t = -.001; df = 344, p &gt;.05). Based on these findings, it was concluded that loneliness, parental bonding and gender did not have any significant influence on substance abuse; while age and level of study jointly predicted substance abuse, with age having an independent significance. Based on the findings, it was recommended that age should be factored into the design and delivery of psychoeducation and drug abuse advocacy programmes.<br><br></p> Oluwakemi Elizabeth Omole, Taiwo Odueso, Ejiro Benita Ojirigho, Rukayat Yetunde Olaide Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/15 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Work-life balance and marital satisfaction among non-academic staff of Federal University, Oye-Ekiti http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/17 <p>Studies have examined different factors as predictors of marital satisfaction among couples but the role of work-life balance dimensions on marital satisfaction especially among non-academic staff in a Nigerian tertiary institution is relatively scarce in the local literature. Hence the study examined the role of work-life balance (work-personal life enhancement, personal life interference and work-personal life interference) on marital satisfaction. A descriptive survey design was utilised in the study. The participants comprised 200 non-academic staff aged 29-55 years purposively selected from Federal University Oye-Ekiti in Ekiti state, South-Western Nigeria. Results of the multiple regression analysis revealed that there was significant joint prediction of work life dimensions (work-personal life enhancement, personal life interference and work-personal life interference) on marital satisfaction (F(3, 195) = 61.95, R2 = 34; p&lt;.05. The study concluded that work-life balance (work-personal life enhancement) positively predicted marital satisfaction while work-life balance (personal life interference and work-personal life interference) negatively predicted marital satisfaction. Recommendations were given based on the findings of the study.<br><br></p> Helen F. Olagundoye, Kamal A. Odunjo-Saka Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/17 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Is life more satisfying at retirement? An examination of the roles of spousal support and perceived loneliness http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/19 <p>Retirement is a compulsory transition from an active working life to exit from work. However, this comes with its negative influences, and it is often believed that the inactivity of a retired person often leads to feelings of loneliness occasioned by lack of social relationships, mental issues or boredom resulting from the deliberate or compulsory exodus from work. This study examined how spousal support and loneliness influence life satisfaction among retired primary and secondary school teachers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. This study utilized a cross-sectional research design by conveniently sampling 425 participants comprising 190 males and 235 females with (M=60.86, SD=4.23). Two hypotheses were tested and the result of the first hypothesis shows that spousal support had no significant influence on life satisfaction t(423) = -1.191, p&gt;.05. However the result of the second hypothesis revealed that retired teachers who perceived high loneliness reported significant difference on life satisfaction than those who perceived low loneliness t(423) = - 2.94; p &lt;.05. Based on the results, it was recommended amongst others that the life satisfaction of retirees can be improved upon by encouraging them to participate in lifelong learning programmes which will help sustain their overall well-being even after their year of service.<br><br></p> Omosolape Olakitan Owoseni, Eniola Adekunle Sokefun, Paul Oluwatosin Ajao, Babawale Ayobami Otitoju, David Oluwaseun Akinade Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/19 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Work engagement and job demands as determinants of organisational commitment among bank employees in Ekiti state http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/22 <p>Work commitment is very germane to any organisation that wants growth, stability, quality and excellent productivity. This current study examined the different roles that work engagement and job demands can play in the commitment of employees within the banking industry in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Responses were obtained from a sample of 180 bank employees (101 males and 79 females) drawn from selected banks in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Three standardised scales namely Intellectual, Social, and Affective scale (ISA) measuring , Job- Demand Scale (short version) and Organisational Commitment Questionnaire were used to measure work engagement, job demands and organisational commitment respectively.. The data collected were analysed by the use of multiple regression. The results from the study showed that both work engagement (β=0.14; t= 2.02; p&lt;.05) and job demand (β=0.39; t= 5.77; p&lt;.05) independently and jointly predicted organisational commitment in the bank employees confirming the hypothesis stated. In conclusion, for organisations to experience huge success in their employees output, they need to engage them more and provide resources that will help to cushion the impact of the job demands on their employees, thereby improving commitment and productivity in the employees.<br><br></p> Israel Oluwatosin Ayodele, Judith Chineye Azikiwe, Oluwabamise Daniel Ojo Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/22 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Self-efficacy and psychological distress as predictors of alcohol addiction among the national union of road transport workers in Lagos http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/23 <p>The study adopted the pretest-posttest, quasi-experimental design to examine the extent to which self-efficacy and psychological distress predicted alcohol addiction among the National Union of Road Transport Workers in Lagos State, Nigeria. Ninety-seven members of the NURTW whose age ranged from 20-50 (SD=38.0±2.1) were drawn using multi-stage sampling technique. Four standardized self-report measures were used for data collection. Covariance and Bonferroni pair wise test were used to analyse data at 0.05 level of significance. There was a significant main effect of self-efficacy (39.81) as participants with high self-efficacy had a better reduced alcohol addiction than their counterpart with low self-efficacy (25.72). There was no significant main effect of psychological distress on the reduction of alcohol addiction among the NURTW members. The need for counsellors to develop soft skills like self-efficacy in combating addiction and other addictive tendencies among the NURTW was implied from this outcome.<br><br></p> Tolulope Ruth Olasoji, Tolulope Oluwatoyin Olayiwola-Adedoja, Ndidi Mercy Ofole Copyright (c) 2023 http://njbs.fuoye.edu.ng/index.php/njbs/article/view/23 Mon, 19 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000