Organizational citizenship behaviour, empowering leadership, core self-evaluation and work contentment as predictors of job crafting among Nigerian academic staff


  • Mariam Hassan, Ismail
  • Adeboye Michael Fatunbi
  • Aderemi Ismail Alarape


Job crafting, organizational citizenship behaviour, empowering leadership, core self-evaluation, work contentment.


Institutions of higher learning often try to develop creative and innovative ways to improve in an ever-growing challenging world of education particularly after the Covid-19 pandemic. This has led academic institutions to rely on their internal resources to stay productive and maintain high levels of performance. They try to maximize every resource they have to stay relevant and competitive, hence job crafting has become imperative. This study investigated the influence of organizational and individual factors (organizational citizenship behaviour, empowering leadership, work contentment and core self-evaluation) on job crafting among academic staff of the University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. An ex-post facto design was adopted. 102 purposively sampled academic staff with mean age of 51.43 ±9.05 served as sample for the study. A 102-item self-report questionnaire comprising socio-demographics, organizational citizenship behaviour, empowering leadership, core self-evaluation, work contentment and job crafting was administered. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson R, multiple regression and t-test of independence at 0.05 level of significance. Results revealed that organizational citizenship behaviour, work contentment, empowering leadership and core self-evaluation jointly predicted job crafting (F (4,97) = 6.67, R=.47, R2 = .22, p<.01); task crafting (F(4,97)= 2.91, R = .33, R2=.11 p<.05), cognitive crafting (F(4,97)= 3.78, R= .37, R2= .14, p<.05) and relational crafting (F(4,97)= 4.67, R = .40, R2 = .16, p<.05). Additionally, result revealed that male academic staff demonstrated higher job crafting than their female colleagues. Findings from this research demonstrated that the presence of these organizational and individual factors can foster job crafting amongst academic staff. Hence, it is imperative that organizations make conscious efforts to foster a work environment that can promote job crafting.