Influence of self-esteem and susceptibility to peer pressure on psychological wellbeing of in-school adolescents
Keywords:Self-esteem, peer pressure, psychological wellbeing, adolescent, secondary school.
Psychological wellbeing of adolescents is reportedly influenced by various psychosocial factors such as academic performances and other psychosocial factors. These factors have immense contribution to the variation in adolescents‟ general emotional disposition. The present study explores the influence of adolescents‟ self-esteem and susceptibility to peer pressure on psychological wellbeing among secondary school students in Ogbomosho North Local Government Area of Oyo State. An ex-post facto design using a cross-sectional method was utilized among 366 secondary school students. A multi-stage sampling technique was used. Data were collected using a structured and self-administered questionnaire which had four sections, focusing on sociodemographic characteristics, self-esteem (α=.52), susceptibility to peer pressure (α=.77) and psychological wellbeing (α=.51). Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation, t-test for independence and multiple regression analysis at .05 level of significance. Four hypotheses were tested. The results revealed significant negative relationship between self-esteem and psychological wellbeing (r=-.19, p<.01) and positive relationship for peer pressure (r=.31, p<.01). Multiple regression analysis revealed significant independent and joint prediction of self-esteem and peer pressure on psychological wellbeing [F (2,363)=21.08, R=.32, R2=.10, ΔR2=.10, p<.01]. However, no significant gender difference was observed on psychological wellbeing, while age independently predicted psychological wellbeing. In conclusion, adolescents‟ self-esteem and susceptibility to peer pressure are critical psychosocial factors to their psychological wellbeing.