Is life more satisfying at retirement? An examination of the roles of spousal support and perceived loneliness
Keywords:Retirement, spousal support, loneliness, life satisfaction, teachers.
Retirement is a compulsory transition from an active working life to exit from work. However, this comes with its negative influences, and it is often believed that the inactivity of a retired person often leads to feelings of loneliness occasioned by lack of social relationships, mental issues or boredom resulting from the deliberate or compulsory exodus from work. This study examined how spousal support and loneliness influence life satisfaction among retired primary and secondary school teachers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. This study utilized a cross-sectional research design by conveniently sampling 425 participants comprising 190 males and 235 females with (M=60.86, SD=4.23). Two hypotheses were tested and the result of the first hypothesis shows that spousal support had no significant influence on life satisfaction t(423) = -1.191, p>.05. However the result of the second hypothesis revealed that retired teachers who perceived high loneliness reported significant difference on life satisfaction than those who perceived low loneliness t(423) = - 2.94; p <.05. Based on the results, it was recommended amongst others that the life satisfaction of retirees can be improved upon by encouraging them to participate in lifelong learning programmes which will help sustain their overall well-being even after their year of service.